Category Archives: View Settings

Isolating Elements

Working efficiently in ARCHICAD boils down to isolating out only the portions of the model you need to view. Viewing the entire model at all times is inefficient and ineffective, since plans can look to cluttered, 3d can be too slow, and section and elevation views may show more content than is relevant to the work that needs to be done.

Isolating elements out is done by the following methods (and different methods may be more useful in certain views than others):

  1. By Selection
  2. By Marquee
  3. By Layers
  4. By Renovation Status (not shown in video below)
  5. By Filter and Cut in 3d Palette
  6. By Cutting Planes

The following video quickly covers most of these methods of isolating elements in plan and 3d.

Advertisements

3d Style

In ARCHICAD 21, we were introduced to 3d Styles; a new view setting which allows customization of the view style in ARCHICAD. With the introduction of ARCHICAD 22, there are some new 3d Style effects that customize the smoothness and efficiency of 3d navigation and views. These are settings that existing in 21, but we are starting to see an effect of model appearance in 22.

This is especially prominent in high polygon models.

Screen Shot 2018-09-28 at 3.31.29 PM

model while viewing 3d

Screen Shot 2018-09-28 at 3.31.50 PM.png

model while navigating (explore) 3d

In the examples above, the same model has content “disappear” when using the explore feature of a high polygon model. This is presumably a feature of AC22 to improve navigation and 3d performance.

To prevent content from vanishing, the advanced settings in the 3d styles options need to be tuned. Click the Gear icon in the 3d styles setting next to the 3d Engine fly-out.  In the Advanced > OpenGL Options, cut the frame rate to the lowest setting (1), and the display radius to the highest setting (328′-1 1/64″, for whatever reason).

Screen Shot 2018-10-01 at 11.04.37 AM.png

Advanced Open GL Options for ideal 3d viewing in AC22

These settings are not new to 22; in fact they are the same defaults out of the box as AC21. But the defaults need to be adjusted to work well with the changes or improvements made to AC22’s 3d processing.

 

Door and Window Markers

When working through process, it is important to not use the “no marker” setting in the doors and windows; unless a door or window will never have a marker attached to it; for framed openings, shutters, shower doors, etc.

Door and window markers are library parts, that have default settings. So when a marker is set to “no marker” to hide, then turned back to W Marker 21/22 or D Marker 21/22, the settings go back to their default. These defaults do not match our graphic standards for pens, font, marker type, or any other setting. Markers switched off at the element level, then turned back on need to be meticulously realigned with the projects graphics and our office graphic standards.

The proper way to hide door and window markers throughout the entire plan is through model view options. Either a temporary “custom” MVO can be used to turn markers off, or a dedicated MVO (such as our template 00 | Presentation Plan) can be applied.

 

The Wrong Way!

  1. Place Doors & Windows from Favorites:

01 - Doors From Favs

2. Door/Window Marker Settings from Favorites (correctly showing D Marker 21)

02 - Default Marker Settings

3. Set Marker to No Marker… Nope! Don’t do it!

03 - No Markers

4. When Marker is reset to D Marker 21(22), it comes back looking like this; and it takes a lot of time to rebuild to the correct settings defined by the favorites.

04 - Marker Switched Back On

5. Turn markers off using the Model View Options instead!

05 - Model View Options

Note: in ARCHICAD 22, there are no “Custom” MVO’s. If Markers are turned off for the 02 | Construction Documents they will be off for all views using that setting. But unlike turning markers off at the element level, turning them off & on in the MVO will retain the default settings for the marker from the favorites.

Teamwork Views, Drawings, and Layouts

Since most of our projects involve multiple buildings on a single site, we often rely on hotlink modules to place those buildings onto a site in separate Teamwork files. This means the site plan needs to be placed from one teamwork file to another.

screen-shot-2016-12-22-at-8-18-36-am

This process is actually very simple to do. All that is required is to open both Teamwork files and use the organizer to link a view from one project to the layout of the other. With the file containing the layout book, search for the other open t/w file in the left hand column of the organizer. Lastly, you only need to click import to bring the view from one file to a layout of another.

screen-shot-2016-12-22-at-8-19-31-am

screen-shot-2016-12-22-at-8-19-21-am

Now comes the real issue, that is to update the views. In the past, we have run into the issue of this warning:

unnamed

To effectively update drawings from a separate projects view map, start with the drawing settings. The drawing should be set to manual, or you will receive repeated update warnings and, in the best case scenario, a slow update for any externally linked drawings.

screen-shot-2016-12-22-at-8-22-20-am-1

After extensive tests and trial and error, I have found the most reliable way to update a drawing. Follow these steps and it shouldn’t fail to update:

  1. Open BOTH projects, the one containing the view and the one with the drawing that needs to be updated
  2. In the project with the view, do a send and receive. Once you S/R, do not make any changes to the ARCHICAD file, do not even change zoom or pan the view. Even the smallest change to your local data will result in the “Drawing Checking Process has Failed” warning
  3. Immediately switch to the project with the drawing that needs updating. I use com+tab, rather than the mouse to avoid any accidental zoom or pan to the view.
  4. Once the layout/drawing that needs updating is open, simply right click and select update

Follow these steps exactly, and you will find it much less frustrating to update your external drawings.

Doors & Walls – Symbolic or Projected

The symbolic or projected view of a door determines wether it matches the exact 3d settings of the door or is just a graphic plan symbol. There may be cases for both, but it is important to know what the settings do; and find the right combination of settings for both the wall and the door so that they both appear as expected, or in some combinations, appear at all.

screen-shot-2016-10-07-at-10-17-20-am

Wall Projection Settings

screen-shot-2016-10-07-at-10-17-27-am

Door Projection Settings

Below is the break down of what each combination of wall and door settings with 3 different relationships to plan cut plane settings.

screen-shot-2016-10-07-at-10-36-18-am

Walls and Doors Projection Settings

Graphic Overrides!

Almost all projects have been migrated to AC20 now, and we have just run into the first “special case” for the new Graphic Override feature. Since we use 3d Documents for Reflected Ceiling Plans, we don’t have the advantage of full control over the door or window graphics or even appearance; they show as their literal cut regardless of door settings or Model View Options. In this case, we simply wanted to hide a couple of doors in the RCP; the folding doors on the right side of the image below:

screen-shot-2016-09-15-at-2-10-17-pm

To do this, we just took the Graphic Override for RCP’s and added a new Graphic Override Rule (Hide Doors):

screen-shot-2016-09-15-at-2-11-09-pm

This rule simply has a criteria that requires the override to apply to Doors 224 & 235 in this project. Then the Override Style is set to override all Lines to Pen 91, Fills to Empty Fill with Pen 91 for Foreground Pen 0 for Background.screen-shot-2016-09-15-at-2-11-22-pm

The result is exactly what we wanted to see; doors are there, but not visible in the documents:

screen-shot-2016-09-15-at-2-11-35-pm

It is important to note that this solution does not resolve the Pen and Fill issues we see with saving DWG files; and further exploration is needed to find a solution for exporting DWG files without these doors showing up on our consultants plans.

Understanding the DWG Translator

Coordinating DWG’s with consultants can be one of the trickier things to figure out; working between AutoCAD and ARCHICAD is not as simple as it seems like it should be. Here we will look at all things DWG (or as much as I can cram into a single post).

ARCHICAD and AutoCAD are Different!!!

Lets take a quick glance at how a few common program features are handled differently between ARCHICAD and AutoCAD.

  • Layers are a unique view attribute in ARCHICAD, used primarily to control the visibility of elements based on layer combinations.
  • AutoCAD combines other features into the layer settings; such as pen weight and line type
  • ARCHICAD fills require at least 2 pens to define their appearance; a foreground, background, and an optional boundary/border pen.
  • AuotCAD fills are only defined by their hatch pen (from the layer they are placed on)
  • ARCHICAD utilizes individual segments to cleanly relate element interactions, such as wall intersections
  • ARCHICAD can save objects and components to DWG as CAD Blocks or Drafting Primitives

Because of these differences, a DWG saved from ARCHICAD will often contain more layers, fills, and lines/polylines than you may expect. This often leads to consultants dealing with a slightly clustered or messy drawing file, and often leads to unnecessarily large and cumbersome DWG files.

It is important to solicit a response to the files sent when those files are sent, so that we can fine tune the drawing for their exact needs. The following steps and recommendations should help hit closer to the mark the first time when sending DWG files out.

Check your View Settings

The first and easiest way to control the DWG output is to make sure the view settings you are exporting from are all set up correctly. The addition of Graphic Overrides in AC20 gives us even more control over what fills are visible, and how they are viewed; both in ARCHICAD and in the drawing output from ARCHICAD.

screen-shot-2016-09-09-at-11-10-40-am

Default View Settings for DWG to Structural Engineer

Once the view settings are correct in the View Map you can save out using the File> Save As from the drop down or the publisher. Once you get to the save menu in either location, you should review the DWG Translator Settings. Below is a list of the important translator settings to review.

screen-shot-2016-09-09-at-11-11-06-am

Drawing Units Should Match Project Input Units (Inches for Imperial Projects)

screen-shot-2016-09-09-at-11-11-45-am

In Most Cases, Save Options Should be Set to Save Layout Into Model Space, and Place Drawings Into Single DWG File. This Allows DWG’s to be Saved From Views or Layouts Consistently. Most Consultants Have Asked to Have Objects Saved as Lines, Not Blocks. This is Controlled by Saving Floor Plan Drop Down to Explode Complex ARCHICAD Elements.

screen-shot-2016-09-09-at-11-12-20-am

Layer Method Should be Extended by Pen Number and Visible Layers Only

screen-shot-2016-09-09-at-11-13-26-am

Export Fills “as is”. Conversion Tables Can be Used to Override Drawing Fills to Empty Fill if Required by Consultants.

screen-shot-2016-09-09-at-11-14-03-am

All Save Extras Should be Unchecked to Accurately and Correctly Save Blocks and Labels

 

Save and Share Custom Translators with Project Team Members

If changes are made to the out of the box translator for consultant specific needs, the translator should be saved using the “Create New…” button in the translator setup window. These custom translators are specific to the computer that created and saved them, since they are stored in the application folder of that computer.

In teamwork projects they will be visible, but grayed out and not accessible to other users. If they are shared to a common folder, they can be imported to the project file using the Browse… button. Doing this however will replicate/duplicate the translator every time a drawing is saved. The best way to ensure all users have access to custom translator settings is to locate the translator file in each team members application folder.

Screen Shot 2016-09-09 at 11.15.40 AM.png

This can be located under your computers user > Library > Application Support > Graphisoft > DXF-DWG Translators Vnumber USA. Care should be taken to not remove, rename, or duplicate files or folders in the application support folder, as it can cause problems with the application performance.

The final step when coordinating DWG files is to check the drawing before sending it. We have eDrawings on all computers for viewing DWG files. This is more effective and real to AutoCAD than opening the DWG in ARCHICAD, since the fills are viewed more true to their final destination.